The most famous and the most tragic enterprise of the
Polish Home Army began on 1 August 1944, and was expected to last 10
days - plenty of time for the Red Army to reach the city. At
that time the Soviets were assembling on the other side of the
Vistula River. On
Stalin's order, however, the Soviets cynically did not
intervene. Support from the Allies, who were denied the use of
Russian airstrips, was limited to air drops of supplies, most of
which fell into German hands.
intense street fighting German troops eliminated Polish-held pockets
of the city block by block. Finally, on 2 October, the
uprising's 63rd day, the Polish commander Gen. Tadeusz
Bór-Komorowski surrendered. The uprising had cost 200,000
lives, mostly civilians. When it was over, Hitler ordered
Warsaw "razed without trace."